One Heaven or Plural Heavens
If anyone wanted to know the difference between the King James Bible and all the other versions one would simply look at the very first verse in the Bible itself.
|King James Version Genesis 1:1||In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth||singular heaven|
|New King James Version Genesis 1:1||In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.||plural heavens|
|New International Version Genesis 1:1||In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.||plural heavens|
|New Revised Standard Version Genesis 1:1||In the beginning when God created the heavens and the earth.||plural heavens|
The point one can immediately see from the table above shows that the New modern versions mention plural heavens and the King James stands alone with singular heaven. This may seem trivial to most readers at this point. However, the change in the case of the noun from singular to plural completely changes the way one interprets Genesis chapter one. To understand how this changes the interpretation of Creation in Genesis one lets look at the table below on the two main different interpretations by Christian scholars today. I stand with the King James Version which teaches on Heaven originally created. The earth became without form and void followed by the creation of the heavens and the earth restored.
The implications between One Heaven VS Plural Heavens initially
|Singular Heaven||Plural Heavens|
|God created only one heaven and the earth in the beginning.||God created plurality of heavens and one earth in the beginning.|
|The earth became without form and void.||The earth did not become without form and void. It started that way.|
|Gen 1:3-31 shows the heavens created and the earth restored.||Gen 1:3-31 shows how God created the heavens and the earth.|
|God told Adam and Eve to replenish the earth.||God told Adam and Eve to fill the earth.|
|Replenish implies earth was previously filled||Filled implies earth was not previously filled.|
The King James mentions replenish while all new versions mention fill in Genesis 1:28
King James Version And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, ...
New King James Version Then God blessed them, and God said to them, "Be fruitful and multiply; fill the earth, ..."
New International Version God blessed them and said to them, "Be fruitful and increase in number; fill the earth ..."
New Revised Standard Version God blessed them, and God said to them, "Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the earth ..."
The Oxford Universal Dictionary Third Edition with corrections and revised addenda 1955 defines Replenish
"To fill up again; to restore to the former amount or condition. -- 1612
The 1612 shows the main meaning of the word at that time which is the main meaning when the King James Version was finished in 1611.
The King James mentions the Earth was without form, and void. The Oxford Universal Dictionary defines void To clear or empty --- To send or put away --- To dismiss or expel -- 1638, 1644
The above table shows that void means to clear out and expel and empty. This does not meet the criteria for an initial creation of heavens. It does indicate that the one heaven and one earth was created in the beginning. The earth after that was cast out, sent away and emptied. The earth is mentioned to be in a place called the deep which is not heaven. This place is in darkness. Heaven is not a place of darkness. So the earth was cast out of heaven. The earth has left its first estate in heaven and is now plunged into the darkness called the deep. The inhabitants are now missing, hence, it is now void.
So who were these inhabitants when the earth was created? The Bible defends itself and answers itself by scripture with scripture comparison
The Sons of God
Genesis 6:1,2 And it came to pass, when men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born unto them, 2 That the sons of God saw the daughters of men that they were fair; and they took them wives of all which they chose.
Genesis 6:4 There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown.
Job 1:6 Now there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan came also among them.
Job 2:1 Again there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan came also among them to present himself before the LORD.
Job 38:1-7 Then the LORD answered Job out of the whirlwind, and said, 2 Who is this that darkeneth counsel by words without knowledge? 3 Gird up now thy loins like a man; for I will demand of thee, and answer thou me. 4 Where wast thou when I laid the foundations of the earth? declare, if thou hast understanding. 5 Who hath laid the measures thereof, if thou knowest? or who hath stretched the line upon it? 6 Whereupon are the foundations thereof fastened? or who laid the corner stone thereof; 7 When the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy?
The Sons of God were the inhabitants of the earth. They were present when the foundations of the earth were laid. They along with the morning stars were present. The morning stars and the sons of God more than likely are the angels we find throughout the Bible. It should also be noted that the creation of the angels was not mentioned in Genesis Chapter one. Also there is no mention even given of the Anointed Cherub who was to become Lucifer or Satan himself.
Lucifer -- The anointed cherub
Isaiah 14:12-16 How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! how art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations! 13 For thou hast said in thine heart, I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God: I will sit also upon the mount of the congregation, in the sides of the north: 14 I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will be like the most High. 15 Yet thou shalt be brought down to hell, to the sides of the pit. 16 They that see thee shall narrowly look upon thee, and consider thee, saying, Is this the man that made the earth to tremble, that did shake kingdoms;
Ezekiel 28:14-16 Thou art the anointed cherub that covereth; and I have set thee so: thou wast upon the holy mountain of God; thou hast walked up and down in the midst of the stones of fire. 15 Thou wast perfect in thy ways from the day that thou wast created, till iniquity was found in thee. 16 By the multitude of thy merchandise they have filled the midst of thee with violence, and thou hast sinned: therefore I will cast thee as profane out of the mountain of God: and I will destroy thee, O covering cherub, from the midst of the stones of fire.
Not only were the Sons of God present at the foundation of the earth, we also see that Lucifer was the anointed cherub that covered the earth. What is not told in Genesis chapter one is made clearer using scripture with scripture. We have God creating heaven and the angels and the heavenly host and they see God create the Earth. They are all joyous in the earth's creation and Lucifer is given the preeminence over the earth. You do not have the earth separated from heaven by a vast universe. The earth is right there in heaven in the presence of God. There is no darkness and there is no deep.
It is clear from Genesis 1:2 and the above verses that Lucifer fail from grace and became the Devil, Satan himself. We see that Satan was cast out and more than likely the earth with him. Some of the events in Isaiah 14 and Ezekiel 28 have already occurred and some events are yet to occur. The important thing to note is that Satan was cast out and that he took some of the angels with him. The earth, Satan, and his angels were cast out into the place called the deep. This deep was in darkness. How much of the deep was water is not known; however, at the very least it formed the boundary of the deep. We know that because in Genesis 1:2 we have 'the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters'.
We are now able to continue with the rest of Genesis Chapter one.
Let there be light -- The First Day
Genesis 1:3-5 And God said, Let there be light: and there was light. 4 And God saw the light, that it was good: and God divided the light from the darkness. 5 And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And the evening and the morning were the first day.
The first question that needs to be answered is what was the light that God spoke of. One it is not the sun for the sun does not show up until the fourth day. It is not the stars of heaven for the second heaven is not created until the second day. It is not God's glory for God is eternal and his glory is eternal. There can only be one thing left. This light is something special. It is given the name Day and not day. The darkness is called Night. So both the Day and the Night are something special. God is far ahead of all of the scientists and earthly science. I believe that the light that God created on the first day was what scientists refer to as the electromagnetic spectrum.
The Electromagnetic Spectrum also Known as Light
Special thanks to NASA for their Material on the electromagnetic spectrum
Radio waves have the longest wavelengths in the electromagnetic spectrum. These waves can be longer than a football field or as short as a football. Radio waves do more than just bring music to your radio. They also carry signals for your television and cellular phones.
Microwaves have wavelengths that can be measured in centimeters! The longer microwaves, those closer to a foot in length, are the waves which heat our food in a microwave oven. Microwaves are good for transmitting information from one place to another because microwave energy can penetrate haze, light rain and snow, clouds, and smoke. Shorter microwaves are used in remote sensing. These microwaves are used for radar like the Doppler radar used in weather forecasts. Microwaves, used for radar, are just a few inches long
Infrared light lies between the visible and microwave portions of the electromagnetic spectrum. Infrared light has a range of wavelengths, just like visible light has wavelengths that range from red light to violet. "Near infrared" light is closest in wavelength to visible light and "far infrared" is closer to the microwave region of the electromagnetic spectrum. The longer, far infrared wavelengths are about the size of a pin head and the shorter, near infrared ones are the size of cells, or are microscopic. Far infrared waves are thermal. In other words, we experience this type of infrared radiation every day in the form of heat! The heat that we feel from sunlight, a fire, a radiator or a warm sidewalk is infrared. The temperature-sensitive nerve endings in our skin can detect the difference between inside body temperature and outside skin temperature Shorter, near infrared waves are not hot at all - in fact you cannot even feel them. These shorter wavelengths are the ones used by your TV's remote control.
Visible light waves are the only electromagnetic waves we can see. We see these waves as the colors of the rainbow. Each color has a different wavelength. Red has the longest wavelength and violet has the shortest wavelength. When all the waves are seen together, they make white light. When white light shines through a prism, the white light is broken apart into the colors of the visible light spectrum. Water vapor in the atmosphere can also break apart wavelengths creating a rainbow.
Ultraviolet (UV) light has shorter wavelengths than visible light. Though these waves are invisible to the human eye, some insects, like bumblebees, can see them! Scientists have divided the ultraviolet part of the spectrum into three regions: the near ultraviolet, the far ultraviolet, and the extreme ultraviolet. The three regions are distinguished by how energetic the ultraviolet radiation is, and by the "wavelength" of the ultraviolet light, which is related to energy. The near ultraviolet, abbreviated NUV, is the light closest to optical or visible light. The extreme ultraviolet, abbreviated EUV, is the ultraviolet light closest to X-rays, and is the most energetic of the three types. The far ultraviolet, abbreviated FUV, lies between the near and extreme ultraviolet regions. It is the least explored of the three regions.
Our Sun emits light at all the different wavelengths in the electromagnetic spectrum, but it is ultraviolet waves that are responsible for causing our sunburns. To the left is an image of the Sun taken at an Extreme Ultraviolet wavelength - 171 Angstroms to be exact. (An Angstrom is a unit length equal to 10-10 meters.) This image was taken by a satellite named SOHO and it shows what the Sun looked like on April 24, 2000. Though some ultraviolet waves from the Sun penetrate Earth's atmosphere, most of them are blocked from entering by various gases like Ozone. Some days, more ultraviolet waves get through our atmosphere. Scientists have developed a UV index to help people protect themselves from these harmful ultraviolet waves.
As the wavelengths of light decrease, they increase in energy. X-rays have smaller wavelengths and therefore higher energy than ultraviolet waves. We usually talk about X-rays in terms of their energy rather than wavelength. This is partially because X-rays have very small wavelengths. It is also because X-ray light tends to act more like a particle than a wave. X-ray detectors collect actual photons of X-ray light - which is very different from the radio telescopes that have large dishes designed to focus radio waves! X-rays were first observed and documented in 1895 by Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen, a German scientist who found them quite by accident when experimenting with vacuum tubes. A week later, he took an X-ray photograph of his wife's hand which clearly revealed her wedding ring and her bones. The photograph electrified the general public and aroused great scientific interest in the new form of radiation. Roentgen called it "X" to indicate it was an unknown type of radiation. The name stuck, although (over Roentgen's objections), many of his colleagues suggested calling them Roentgen rays. They are still occasionally referred to as Roentgen rays in German-speaking countries.
Gamma-rays have the smallest wavelengths and the most energy of any other wave in the electromagnetic spectrum. These waves are generated by radioactive atoms and in nuclear explosions. Gamma-rays can kill living cells, a fact which medicine uses to its advantage, using gamma-rays to kill cancerous cells. Gamma-rays travel to us across vast distances of the universe, only to be absorbed by the Earth's atmosphere. Different wavelengths of light penetrate the Earth's atmosphere to different depths. Instruments aboard high-altitude balloons and satellites like the Compton Observatory provide our only view of the gamma-ray sky.
As you have just been shown, courtesy NASA, the electromagnetic spectrum which is called Light is made up of visible and non-visible light. Scientists know that today but it was not known when Genesis was written.
And God said, Let there be light: and there was light. 4 And God saw the light, that it was good: and God divided the light from the darkness. 5 And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And the evening and the morning were the first day. Genesis 1:3-5
When God said let there be light He created the electromagnetic spectrum which contains both visible and invisible light. We see that the visible light is only a part of the whole electromagnetic spectrum. When God divided the light from the darkness he was dividing the visible light from the non visible light. He made that portion of light by which we see. The rest of the spectrum is called darkness. It is this darkness God called Night. We have two forms of light. One is the whole spectrum and the rest is the visible portion of the spectrum. We end up with two forms of darkness as well. One form of darkness is the non visible light portion of the electromagnetic spectrum. The other form of darkness is mentioned elsewhere in the bible as outer darkness.
But the children of the kingdom shall be cast out into outer darkness: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth. Matthew 8:12
Then said the king to the servants, Bind him hand and foot, and take him away, and cast him into outer darkness; there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth. Matthew 22:13
And cast ye the unprofitable servant into outer darkness: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth. Matthew 25:30
To be cast out is to put into outer darkness. This is the same thing that must have happened to Satan, his Angels and the Earth when Satan fell. This is the condition of the earth in Genesis 1:2 God than creates light which is the electromagnetic spectrum. From that he divides visible light from the non visible light. This visible and non visible light than penetrates all the way down to the earth that was without form and void. God then mentions the evening and the morning were the first day.
The second Heaven -- The Second Day
And God said, Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters. 7 And God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament: and it was so. 8 And God called the firmament Heaven. And the evening and the morning were the second day. Genesis 1:6-8
God then makes a separation between the earth and the first heaven that is so vast that even our most expensive telescope in space can not see the end of this second heaven. God takes the waters and divides them. On one end is the border for the Heaven of God's throne. The other is the water surrounding the earth. The firmament is a great expanse in which God fills with the universe. The laws of nature in this vast universe is governed by the laws of physics created by God when he created the electromagnetic spectrum. It should be noted that this is the only day that God did not mention that it was good.
The dry land appears -- The third Day
And God said, Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together unto one place, and let the dry land appear: and it was so. 10 And God called the dry land Earth; and the gathering together of the waters called he Seas: and God saw that it was good. 11 And God said, Let the earth bring forth grass, the herb yielding seed, and the fruit tree yielding fruit after his kind, whose seed is in itself, upon the earth: and it was so. 12 And the earth brought forth grass, and herb yielding seed after his kind, and the tree yielding fruit, whose seed was in itself, after his kind: and God saw that it was good. 13 And the evening and the morning were the third day. Genesis 1:9-13
God now takes the water that is under the second heaven and gathers it together and allows the dry land to appear. At this stage you have the heaven which is where God's throne is. A frozen sea of glass separating this heaven from the firmament which he called heaven and then you have the dry earth with seas. He now brings forth the grass, herbs, trees and covers the dry land with them. We know from science that the grass, herbs and trees of the earth produce the oxygen for our atmosphere. I believe that our atmosphere, which is not mentioned here, was created at this time.
The sun, moon, and stars -- The Fourth Day
And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years: 15 And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth: and it was so. 16 And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: he made the stars also. 17 And God set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth, 18 And to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness: and God saw that it was good. 19 And the evening and the morning were the fourth day. --Genesis 1:14-19
God has just about everything ready for life. He has light energy from the electromagnetic spectrum upon the earth. He has the seas, grass, herbs, and trees to support life once he places it on the earth. God now does the finishing touches. He creates the sun which is the greater light to rule the day. He creates the moon which is the lesser light to rule the night. And almost as an afterthought, God mentions he made the stars also. Next it mentions that God set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth. These lights were to divide the light from the darkness. We have already shown that the darkness is the non visible light portion of the electromagnetic spectrum.
So now God does have everything to support life. He has the sun to give light upon the earth. This light is made up of visible and non visible light energy. God made the moon and placed it in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth at night. We also know that the moon causes tides upon the earth by its own gravitational pull upon the earth. And then you have the stars created as well. These lights are said to be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and for years. All calendars (years) are based upon the orbit around the sun. The seasons are based upon the angle at which the sun hits the earth. Man looks to the stars for signs.
The main thing that one should think about at this point is the order at which things were created. The main thought that is made by every scientist is that the sun came first and then the planets cooled around the sun and this took a very long time. Yet in what we have just gone over, the sun and the moon and the stars were not created until after the earth had been covered by the seas, and the grass, and the trees. God places the lights of the firmament of heaven in just one day. That is something that no scientist wants to even touch. The only way to have the lights of the firmament of the heaven reach the earth in just one day is to create them in a mature state. Not only did God create the sun, moon and stars, he also created the light from them and the path the light would take throughout the firmament of heaven all at the same time. God completely throws science upside down by setting up the earth and the firmament of the heaven in what can be called a mature state. When scientists look at carbon dating and the age of the earth, they see the universe as being millions of millions of years old. God lets the Christian know that the true age of the earth and the universe is only a few days old.
Life is brought forth in the seas and the open firmament of Heaven -- The Fifth Day
And God said, Let the waters bring forth abundantly the moving creature that hath life, and fowl that may fly above the earth in the open firmament of heaven. 21 And God created great whales, and every living creature that moveth, which the waters brought forth abundantly, after their kind, and every winged fowl after his kind: and God saw that it was good. 22 And God blessed them, saying, Be fruitful, and multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let fowl multiply in the earth. 23 And the evening and the morning were the fifth day. Genesis 1:20-23
God now fills the seas with life. It mentions waters. This would be the oceans, and the lakes, and the rivers throughout the earth. The next thing he does is make the fowl and allows them to fly in the area called the open firmament of heaven. This is the only time in the bible that you have the words open firmament together in the bible. This open firmament suggests an area that is open and an area that is closed. The firmament of space and the universe is closed to the fowl of the earth. This open firmament would be our atmosphere. This atmosphere was created when God created the grass, trees and herbs of the earth. We now have three heavens. God started with one heaven and now we have three.
Land creatures and man created -- The Sixth Day
And God said, Let the earth bring forth the living creature after his kind, cattle, and creeping thing, and beast of the earth after his kind: and it was so. 25 And God made the beast of the earth after his kind, and cattle after their kind, and every thing that creepeth upon the earth after his kind: and God saw that it was good. 26 And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth. 27 So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them. 28 And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth. 29 And God said, Behold, I have given you every herb bearing seed, which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree, in the which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed; to you it shall be for meat. 30 And to every beast of the earth, and to every fowl of the air, and to every thing that creepeth upon the earth, wherein there is life, I have given every green herb for meat: and it was so. 31 And God saw every thing that he had made, and, behold, it was very good. And the evening and the morning were the sixth day. Genesis 1:24-31
God now populates the earth. He brings forth the cattle, the creeping things, the beasts of the earth. Each was created after his kind. There was no evolution involved. God created these creatures in a mature state just as he created everything else in a mature state. The old adage of which came first the chicken or the egg is easy to answer. The chicken in its mature state. Then the eggs came. The fact that God mentions the evening and the morning shows a literal day period. It is as though God is above the earth and looking down at it and he sees the evening on one side of the earth and the morning on the other and as the earth rotates he is busy populating the earth. Now that is omnipotent power. Now that God has all of the other creatures made, he is ready to create man. Man is the only creature said to be created in God's image. Man did not evolve either. Some religions would have man evolving into a god but such is not the case. Man is given dominion over all the earth and the creatures of the earth. He did not have to wait for millions of years to earn that right. God gave it to him when he was created. Man is created in God's image with a body and a soul and a spirit.
And the very God of peace sanctify you wholly; and I pray God your whole spirit and soul and body be preserved blameless unto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ.I Thessalonians 5:23
God now looks over everything that he had made and calls it very good. God finishes creation on the sixth day.