The Kings of Israel and Judah

 

The People's Choice

God's Choice

SAUL

 
But the thing displeased Samuel, when they said, Give us a king to judge us. And Samuel prayed unto the LORD. {7} And the LORD said unto Samuel, Hearken unto the voice of the people in all that they say unto thee: for they have not rejected thee, but they have rejected me, that I should not reign over them. (1 Samuel 8:6-7)

And Samuel said to Saul, Thou hast done foolishly: thou hast not kept the commandment of the LORD thy God, which he commanded thee: for now would the LORD have established thy kingdom upon Israel for ever. {14} But now thy kingdom shall not continue: the LORD hath sought him a man after his own heart, and the LORD hath commanded him to be captain over his people, because thou hast not kept that which the LORD commanded thee. (1 Samuel 13:13-14)

And when Samuel saw Saul, the LORD said unto him, Behold the man whom I spake to thee of! this same shall reign over my people. (1 Samuel 9:17)

ISHBOSHETH

DAVID

But Abner the son of Ner, captain of Saul's host, took Ishbosheth the son of Saul, and brought him over to Mahanaim; {9} And made him king over Gilead, and over the Ashurites, and over Jezreel, and over Ephraim, and over Benjamin, and over all Israel. {10} Ishbosheth Saul's son was forty years old when he began to reign over Israel, and reigned two years. But the house of Judah followed David. (2 Samuel 2:8-10)

And Samuel said unto Jesse, Are here all thy children? And he said, There remaineth yet the youngest, and, behold, he keepeth the sheep. And Samuel said unto Jesse, Send and fetch him: for we will not sit down till he come hither. {12} And he sent, and brought him in. Now he was ruddy, and withal of a beautiful countenance, and goodly to look to. And the LORD said, Arise, anoint him: for this is he. {13} Then Samuel took the horn of oil, and anointed him in the midst of his brethren: and the spirit of the LORD came upon David from that day forward. So Samuel rose up, and went to Ramah. (1 Samuel 16:11-13)

(2 Samuel 4:5-8) And the sons of Rimmon the Beerothite, Rechab and Baanah, went, and came about the heat of the day to the house of Ishbosheth, who lay on a bed at noon. {6} And they came thither into the midst of the house, as though they would have fetched wheat; and they smote him under the fifth rib: and Rechab and Baanah his brother escaped. {7} For when they came into the house, he lay on his bed in his bedchamber, and they smote him, and slew him, and beheaded him, and took his head, and gat them away through the plain all night. {8} And they brought the head of Ishbosheth unto David to Hebron, and said to the king, Behold the head of Ishbosheth the son of Saul thine enemy, which sought thy life; and the LORD hath avenged my lord the king this day of Saul, and of his seed.

Then came all the tribes of Israel to David unto Hebron, and spake, saying, Behold, we are thy bone and thy flesh. {2} Also in time past, when Saul was king over us, thou wast he that leddest out and broughtest in Israel: and the LORD said to thee, Thou shalt feed my people Israel, and thou shalt be a captain over Israel. {3} So all the elders of Israel came to the king to Hebron; and king David made a league with them in Hebron before the LORD: and they anointed David king over Israel. {4} David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years. {5} In Hebron he reigned over Judah seven years and six months: and in Jerusalem he reigned thirty and three years over all Israel and Judah. (2 Samuel 5:1-5)

ADONIJAH DECLARES HIMSELF KING

THE LINEAGE GOES THROUGH SOLOMON OF BATHSHEBA

And unto David were sons born in Hebron: and his firstborn was Amnon, of Ahinoam the Jezreelitess; {3} And his second, Chileab, of Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite; and the third, Absalom the son of Maacah the daughter of Talmai king of Geshur; {4} And the fourth, Adonijah the son of Haggith; and the fifth, Shephatiah the son of Abital; {5} And the sixth, Ithream, by Eglah David's wife. These were born to David in Hebron. (2 Samuel 3:2-5)

(2 Samuel 12:18-24) And it came to pass on the seventh day, that the child died. And the servants of David feared to tell him that the child was dead: for they said, Behold, while the child was yet alive, we spake unto him, and he would not hearken unto our voice: how will he then vex himself, if we tell him that the child is dead? {19} But when David saw that his servants whispered, David perceived that the child was dead: therefore David said unto his servants, Is the child dead? And they said, He is dead. {20} Then David arose from the earth, and washed, and anointed himself, and changed his apparel, and came into the house of the LORD, and worshipped: then he came to his own house; and when he required, they set bread before him, and he did eat. {21} Then said his servants unto him, What thing is this that thou hast done? thou didst fast and weep for the child, while it was alive; but when the child was dead, thou didst rise and eat bread. {22} And he said, While the child was yet alive, I fasted and wept: for I said, Who can tell whether GOD will be gracious to me, that the child may live? {23} But now he is dead, wherefore should I fast? can I bring him back again? I shall go to him, but he shall not return to me. {24} And David comforted Bathsheba his wife, and went in unto her, and lay with her: and she bare a son, and he called his name Solomon: and the LORD loved him.

Then Adonijah the son of Haggith exalted himself, saying, I will be king: and he prepared him chariots and horsemen, and fifty men to run before him. {6} And his father had not displeased him at any time in saying, Why hast thou done so? and he also was a very goodly man; and his mother bare him after Absalom. {7} And he conferred with Joab the son of Zeruiah, and with Abiathar the priest: and they following Adonijah helped him. {8} But Zadok the priest, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and Nathan the prophet, and Shimei, and Rei, and the mighty men which belonged to David, were not with Adonijah. (1 Kings 1:5-8)

SOLOMON

But Zadok the priest, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and Nathan the prophet, and Shimei, and Rei, and the mighty men which belonged to David, were not with Adonijah. {9} And Adonijah slew sheep and oxen and fat cattle by the stone of Zoheleth, which is by Enrogel, and called all his brethren the king's sons, and all the men of Judah the king's servants: {10} But Nathan the prophet, and Benaiah, and the mighty men, and Solomon his brother, he called not. {11} Wherefore Nathan spake unto Bathsheba the mother of Solomon, saying, Hast thou not heard that Adonijah the son of Haggith doth reign, and David our lord knoweth it not? {12} Now therefore come, let me, I pray thee, give thee counsel, that thou mayest save thine own life, and the life of thy son Solomon. {13} Go and get thee in unto king David, and say unto him, Didst not thou, my lord, O king, swear unto thine handmaid, saying, Assuredly Solomon thy son shall reign after me, and he shall sit upon my throne? why then doth Adonijah reign? {14} Behold, while thou yet talkest there with the king, I also will come in after thee, and confirm thy words. (1 Kings 1:8-14)

And Bathsheba went in unto the king into the chamber: and the king was very old; and Abishag the Shunammite ministered unto the king. {16} And Bathsheba bowed, and did obeisance unto the king. And the king said, What wouldest thou? {17} And she said unto him, My lord, thou swarest by the LORD thy God unto thine handmaid, saying, Assuredly Solomon thy son shall reign after me, and he shall sit upon my throne. {18} And now, behold, Adonijah reigneth; and now, my lord the king, thou knowest it not: {19} And he hath slain oxen and fat cattle and sheep in abundance, and hath called all the sons of the king, and Abiathar the priest, and Joab the captain of the host: but Solomon thy servant hath he not called. {20} And thou, my lord, O king, the eyes of all Israel are upon thee, that thou shouldest tell them who shall sit on the throne of my lord the king after him. {21} Otherwise it shall come to pass, when my lord the king shall sleep with his fathers, that I and my son Solomon shall be counted offenders. {22} And, lo, while she yet talked with the king, Nathan the prophet also came in. {23} And they told the king, saying, Behold Nathan the prophet. And when he was come in before the king, he bowed himself before the king with his face to the ground. {24} And Nathan said, My lord, O king, hast thou said, Adonijah shall reign after me, and he shall sit upon my throne? {25} For he is gone down this day, and hath slain oxen and fat cattle and sheep in abundance, and hath called all the king's sons, and the captains of the host, and Abiathar the priest; and, behold, they eat and drink before him, and say, God save king Adonijah. {26} But me, even me thy servant, and Zadok the priest, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and thy servant Solomon, hath he not called. {27} Is this thing done by my lord the king, and thou hast not showed it unto thy servant, who should sit on the throne of my lord the king after him? {28} Then king David answered and said, Call me Bathsheba. And she came into the king's presence, and stood before the king. {29} And the king sware, and said, As the LORD liveth, that hath redeemed my soul out of all distress, {30} Even as I sware unto thee by the LORD God of Israel, saying, Assuredly Solomon thy son shall reign after me, and he shall sit upon my throne in my stead; even so will I certainly do this day. (1 Kings 1:15-30)

And king David said, Call me Zadok the priest, and Nathan the prophet, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada. And they came before the king. {33} The king also said unto them, Take with you the servants of your lord, and cause Solomon my son to ride upon mine own mule, and bring him down to Gihon: {34} And let Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet anoint him there king over Israel: and blow ye with the trumpet, and say, God save king Solomon. {35} Then ye shall come up after him, that he may come and sit upon my throne; for he shall be king in my stead: and I have appointed him to be ruler over Israel and over Judah. {36} And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada answered the king, and said, Amen: the LORD God of my lord the king say so too. {37} As the LORD hath been with my lord the king, even so be he with Solomon, and make his throne greater than the throne of my lord king David. {38} So Zadok the priest, and Nathan the prophet, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and the Cherethites, and the Pelethites, went down, and caused Solomon to ride upon king David's mule, and brought him to Gihon. {39} And Zadok the priest took an horn of oil out of the tabernacle, and anointed Solomon. And they blew the trumpet; and all the people said, God save king Solomon. {40} And all the people came up after him, and the people piped with pipes, and rejoiced with great joy, so that the earth rent with the sound of them. {41} And Adonijah and all the guests that were with him heard it as they had made an end of eating. And when Joab heard the sound of the trumpet, he said, Wherefore is this noise of the city being in an uproar? {42} And while he yet spake, behold, Jonathan the son of Abiathar the priest came: and Adonijah said unto him, Come in; for thou art a valiant man, and bringest good tidings. {43} And Jonathan answered and said to Adonijah, Verily our lord king David hath made Solomon king. {44} And the king hath sent with him Zadok the priest, and Nathan the prophet, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and the Cherethites, and the Pelethites, and they have caused him to ride upon the king's mule: {45} And Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet have anointed him king in Gihon: and they are come up from thence rejoicing, so that the city rang again. This is the noise that ye have heard. {46} And also Solomon sitteth on the throne of the kingdom. (1 Kings 1:32-46)

Bathsheba therefore went unto king Solomon, to speak unto him for Adonijah. And the king rose up to meet her, and bowed himself unto her, and sat down on his throne, and caused a seat to be set for the king's mother; and she sat on his right hand. {20} Then she said, I desire one small petition of thee; I pray thee, say me not nay. And the king said unto her, Ask on, my mother: for I will not say thee nay. {21} And she said, Let Abishag the Shunammite be given to Adonijah thy brother to wife. {22} And king Solomon answered and said unto his mother, And why dost thou ask Abishag the Shunammite for Adonijah? ask for him the kingdom also; for he is mine elder brother; even for him, and for Abiathar the priest, and for Joab the son of Zeruiah. {23} Then king Solomon sware by the LORD, saying, God do so to me, and more also, if Adonijah have not spoken this word against his own life. {24} Now therefore, as the LORD liveth, which hath established me, and set me on the throne of David my father, and who hath made me an house, as he promised, Adonijah shall be put to death this day. {25} And king Solomon sent by the hand of Benaiah the son of Jehoiada; and he fell upon him that he died. {26} And unto Abiathar the priest said the king, Get thee to Anathoth, unto thine own fields; for thou art worthy of death: but I will not at this time put thee to death, because thou barest the ark of the Lord GOD before David my father, and because thou hast been afflicted in all wherein my father was afflicted. {27} So Solomon thrust out Abiathar from being priest unto the LORD; that he might fulfil the word of the LORD, which he spake concerning the house of Eli in Shiloh. {28} Then tidings came to Joab: for Joab had turned after Adonijah, though he turned not after Absalom. And Joab fled unto the tabernacle of the LORD, and caught hold on the horns of the altar. {29} And it was told king Solomon that Joab was fled unto the tabernacle of the LORD; and, behold, he is by the altar. Then Solomon sent Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, saying, Go, fall upon him. {30} And Benaiah came to the tabernacle of the LORD, and said unto him, Thus saith the king, Come forth. And he said, Nay; but I will die here. And Benaiah brought the king word again, saying, Thus said Joab, and thus he answered me. {31} And the king said unto him, Do as he hath said, and fall upon him, and bury him; that thou mayest take away the innocent blood, which Joab shed, from me, and from the house of my father. {32} And the LORD shall return his blood upon his own head, who fell upon two men more righteous and better than he, and slew them with the sword, my father David not knowing thereof, to wit, Abner the son of Ner, captain of the host of Israel, and Amasa the son of Jether, captain of the host of Judah. {33} Their blood shall therefore return upon the head of Joab, and upon the head of his seed for ever: but upon David, and upon his seed, and upon his house, and upon his throne, shall there be peace for ever from the LORD. {34} So Benaiah the son of Jehoiada went up, and fell upon him, and slew him: and he was buried in his own house in the wilderness. (1 Kings 2:19-34)

REHOBOAM

And the time that Solomon reigned in Jerusalem over all Israel was forty years. {43} And Solomon slept with his fathers, and was buried in the city of David his father: and Rehoboam his son reigned in his stead. (1 Kings 11:42-43)

THE KINGDOM OF ISRAEL SPLITS INTO TWO KINGDOMS AT THE START OF REHOBAOM'S REIGN ACCORDING TO THE PROPHET AHIJAH

The punishment for Solomon's kindom turning from the Lord is a split Kingdom. Ahijah seeks out Jeroboam and Ahijah declares to Jeroboam that he will reign over ten tribes and that Rehobam, for David's sake, will reign over Judah. ( See 1 Kings 11:30-33 below) The garment was rent in twelve pieces. Ten were given to Jeoboam. Two were left as it represented Judah was to get one tribe to rule over.. The twelfth piece would represent the tribe of Levi which was given no land as their portion was the priestly duties for the other 11 tribes.

And Ahijah caught the new garment that was on him, and rent it in twelve pieces: {31} And he said to Jeroboam, Take thee ten pieces: for thus saith the LORD, the God of Israel, Behold, I will rend the kingdom out of the hand of Solomon, and will give ten tribes to thee: {32} (But he shall have one tribe for my servant David's sake, and for Jerusalem's sake, the city which I have chosen out of all the tribes of Israel:) {33} Because that they have forsaken me, and have worshipped Ashtoreth the goddess of the Zidonians, Chemosh the god of the Moabites, and Milcom the god of the children of Ammon, and have not walked in my ways, to do that which is right in mine eyes, and to keep my statutes and my judgments, as did David his father. (1 Kings 11:30-33)

But the Levites were not numbered among the children of Israel; as the LORD commanded Moses. {34} And the children of Israel did according to all that the LORD commanded Moses: so they pitched by their standards, and so they set forward, every one after their families, according to the house of their fathers. (Numbers 2:33-34)

Bring the tribe of Levi near, and present them before Aaron the priest, that they may minister unto him. {7} And they shall keep his charge, and the charge of the whole congregation before the tabernacle of the congregation, to do the service of the tabernacle. {8} And they shall keep all the instruments of the tabernacle of the congregation, and the charge of the children of Israel, to do the service of the tabernacle. {9} And thou shalt give the Levites unto Aaron and to his sons: they are wholly given unto him out of the children of Israel. {10} And thou shalt appoint Aaron and his sons, and they shall wait on their priest's office: and the stranger that cometh nigh shall be put to death. {11} And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, {12} And I, behold, I have taken the Levites from among the children of Israel instead of all the firstborn that openeth the matrix among the children of Israel: therefore the Levites shall be mine; (Numbers 3:6-12)

KINGS OF JUDAH

KINGS OF ISRAEL

REHOBOAM ENDS UP WITH JUDAH TO REIGN OVER

JEROBOAM BECOMES KING OVER TEN TRIBES

So Jeroboam and all the people came to Rehoboam the third day, as the king had appointed, saying, Come to me again the third day. {13} And the king answered the people roughly, and forsook the old men's counsel that they gave him; {14} And spake to them after the counsel of the young men, saying, My father made your yoke heavy, and I will add to your yoke: my father also chastised you with whips, but I will chastise you with scorpions. {15} Wherefore the king hearkened not unto the people; for the cause was from the LORD, that he might perform his saying, which the LORD spake by Ahijah the Shilonite unto Jeroboam the son of Nebat. {16} So when all Israel saw that the king hearkened not unto them, the people answered the king, saying, What portion have we in David? neither have we inheritance in the son of Jesse: to your tents, O Israel: now see to thine own house, David. So Israel departed unto their tents. {17} But as for the children of Israel which dwelt in the cities of Judah, Rehoboam reigned over them. {18} Then king Rehoboam sent Adoram, who was over the tribute; and all Israel stoned him with stones, that he died. Therefore king Rehoboam made speed to get him up to his chariot, to flee to Jerusalem. {19} So Israel rebelled against the house of David unto this day. {20} And it came to pass, when all Israel heard that Jeroboam was come again, that they sent and called him unto the congregation, and made him king over all Israel: there was none that followed the house of David, but the tribe of Judah only. (1 Kings 12:12-20)

And the man Jeroboam was a mighty man of valour: and Solomon seeing the young man that he was industrious, he made him ruler over all the charge of the house of Joseph. {29} And it came to pass at that time when Jeroboam went out of Jerusalem, that the prophet Ahijah the Shilonite found him in the way; and he had clad himself with a new garment; and they two were alone in the field: {30} And Ahijah caught the new garment that was on him, and rent it in twelve pieces: {31} And he said to Jeroboam, Take thee ten pieces: for thus saith the LORD, the God of Israel, Behold, I will rend the kingdom out of the hand of Solomon, and will give ten tribes to thee: {32} (But he shall have one tribe for my servant David's sake, and for Jerusalem's sake, the city which I have chosen out of all the tribes of Israel:) {33} Because that they have forsaken me, and have worshipped Ashtoreth the goddess of the Zidonians, Chemosh the god of the Moabites, and Milcom the god of the children of Ammon, and have not walked in my ways, to do that which is right in mine eyes, and to keep my statutes and my judgments, as did David his father. {34} Howbeit I will not take the whole kingdom out of his hand: but I will make him prince all the days of his life for David my servant's sake, whom I chose, because he kept my commandments and my statutes: {35} But I will take the kingdom out of his son's hand, and will give it unto thee, even ten tribes. (1 Kings 11:28-35)

ABIJAM

18TH YEAR REIGN OF JEROBOAM

And Rehoboam slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David. And his mother's name was Naamah an Ammonitess. And Abijam his son reigned in his stead. (1 Kings 14:31)

Now in the eighteenth year of king Jeroboam the son of Nebat reigned Abijam over Judah. {2} Three years reigned he in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Maachah, the daughter of Abishalom. {3} And he walked in all the sins of his father, which he had done before him: and his heart was not perfect with the LORD his God, as the heart of David his father. (1 Kings 15:1-3)

 

ASA

20TH YEAR REIGN OF JEROBOAM

And Abijam slept with his fathers; and they buried him in the city of David: and Asa his son reigned in his stead. {9} And in the twentieth year of Jeroboam king of Israel reigned Asa over Judah. {10} And forty and one years reigned he in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Maachah, the daughter of Abishalom. {11} And Asa did that which was right in the eyes of the LORD, as did David his father. (1 Kings 15:8-11)

 
2ND YEAR REIGN OF ASA

NADAB

 

And the days which Jeroboam reigned were two and twenty years: and he slept with his fathers, and Nadab his son reigned in his stead. (1 Kings 14:20)

(1 Kings 15:25) And Nadab the son of Jeroboam began to reign over Israel in the second year of Asa king of Judah, and reigned over Israel two years.

3RD YEAR REIGN OF ASA

BAASHA

 

(1 Kings 15:33-34) In the third year of Asa king of Judah began Baasha the son of Ahijah to reign over all Israel in Tirzah, twenty and four years. {34} And he did evil in the sight of the LORD, and walked in the way of Jeroboam, and in his sin wherewith he made Israel to sin.

26TH YEAR REIGN OF ASA

ELAH

 

(1 Kings 16:6-8) So Baasha slept with his fathers, and was buried in Tirzah: and Elah his son reigned in his stead. {7} And also by the hand of the prophet Jehu the son of Hanani came the word of the LORD against Baasha, and against his house, even for all the evil that he did in the sight of the LORD, in provoking him to anger with the work of his hands, in being like the house of Jeroboam; and because he killed him. {8} In the twenty and sixth year of Asa king of Judah began Elah the son of Baasha to reign over Israel in Tirzah, two years.

27TH YEAR REIGN OF ASA

ZIMRI

 

In the twenty and sixth year of Asa king of Judah began Elah the son of Baasha to reign over Israel in Tirzah, two years. {9} And his servant Zimri, captain of half his chariots, conspired against him, as he was in Tirzah, drinking himself drunk in the house of Arza steward of his house in Tirzah. {10} And Zimri went in and smote him, and killed him, in the twenty and seventh year of Asa king of Judah, and reigned in his stead. (1 Kings 16:8-10)

31ST YEAR REIGN OF ASA

OMRI

 

Now the rest of the acts of Zimri, and his treason that he wrought, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel? {21} Then were the people of Israel divided into two parts: half of the people followed Tibni the son of Ginath, to make him king; and half followed Omri. {22} But the people that followed Omri prevailed against the people that followed Tibni the son of Ginath: so Tibni died, and Omri reigned. {23} In the thirty and first year of Asa king of Judah began Omri to reign over Israel, twelve years: six years reigned he in Tirzah. (1 Kings 16:20-23)

38TH YEAR REIGN OF ASA

AHAB

 

So Omri slept with his fathers, and was buried in Samaria: and Ahab his son reigned in his stead. {29} And in the thirty and eighth year of Asa king of Judah began Ahab the son of Omri to reign over Israel: and Ahab the son of Omri reigned over Israel in Samaria twenty and two years. {30} And Ahab the son of Omri did evil in the sight of the LORD above all that were before him. (1 Kings 16:28-30)

JEHOSHAPHAT

4TH YEAR REIGN OF AHAB

And Jehoshaphat the son of Asa began to reign over Judah in the fourth year of Ahab king of Israel. {42} Jehoshaphat was thirty and five years old when he began to reign; and he reigned twenty and five years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Azubah the daughter of Shilhi. {43} And he walked in all the ways of Asa his father; he turned not aside from it, doing that which was right in the eyes of the LORD: nevertheless the high places were not taken away; for the people offered and burnt incense yet in the high places. {44} And Jehoshaphat made peace with the king of Israel. (1 Kings 22:41-44)

 
17TH YEAR REIGN OF JEHOSHAPHAT

AHAZIAH

 

So Ahab slept with his fathers; and Ahaziah his son reigned in his stead. (1 Kings 22:40)

Ahaziah the son of Ahab began to reign over Israel in Samaria the seventeenth year of Jehoshaphat king of Judah, and reigned two years over Israel. {52} And he did evil in the sight of the LORD, and walked in the way of his father, and in the way of his mother, and in the way of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made Israel to sin: {53} For he served Baal, and worshipped him, and provoked to anger the LORD God of Israel, according to all that his father had done.(1 Kings 22:51-53)

18TH YEAR REIGN OF JEHOSHAPHAT

JEHORAM SON OF AHAB (NOT JEHORAM IN JUDAH)

 

(2 Kings 1:15-18) And the angel of the LORD said unto Elijah, Go down with him: be not afraid of him. And he arose, and went down with him unto the king. {16} And he said unto him, Thus saith the LORD, Forasmuch as thou hast sent messengers to inquire of Baalzebub the god of Ekron, is it not because there is no God in Israel to inquire of his word? therefore thou shalt not come down off that bed on which thou art gone up, but shalt surely die. {17} So he died according to the word of the LORD which Elijah had spoken. And Jehoram reigned in his stead in the second year of Jehoram the son of Jehoshaphat king of Judah; because he had no son. {18} Now the rest of the acts of Ahaziah which he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?

(2 Kings 3:1) Now Jehoram the son of Ahab began to reign over Israel in Samaria the eighteenth year of Jehoshaphat king of Judah, and reigned twelve years.

JEHORAM SON OF JEHOSHAPHAT

In the above verses it appears that Jehoshaphat started to reign in the last years of Jehsohaphat so that Jehoram starts his reign in the 18th year of Jehoshaphat as mentioned in 2 Kings 3:1 and also the second year of Jehoram son of Jehoshaphat's reign as found in 2 Kings 1:17. Remember that David was anointed King even while Saul reigned. So the Lord can count someone as being King and reigning even before he actually takes the throne. It is clear that Jehoram came to the throne because Jehoram had no son as mentioned in 1 Kings 1:17

And Jehoshaphat slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David his father: and Jehoram his son reigned in his stead. (1 Kings 22:50)

Note: There are two different Jehoram's with the same name.

AHAZIAH SON OF JEHORAM KING OF JUDAH

11TH / 12TH YR REIGN OF JEHORAM OF AHAB

(2 Kings 8:25) In the twelfth year of Joram the son of Ahab king of Israel did Ahaziah the son of Jehoram king of Judah begin to reign.

(2 Kings 9:27-29) But when Ahaziah the king of Judah saw this, he fled by the way of the garden house. And Jehu followed after him, and said, Smite him also in the chariot. And they did so at the going up to Gur, which is by Ibleam. And he fled to Megiddo, and died there. {28} And his servants carried him in a chariot to Jerusalem, and buried him in his sepulchre with his fathers in the city of David. {29} And in the eleventh year of Joram the son of Ahab began Ahaziah to reign over Judah.

Note: Name of Jehoram changed to Joram in the verse to show two different Jehoram's.

In 2 Kings 8:25 we have 12th year mentioned and in 2 Kings 9:29 we have eleventh year mentioned. Again it is on the perspective of counting the years of the reign. It is a simple matter of how you count the years. Joram could be said to be reigning even before he took the actual throne so one would give 12th year and the other 11th year. Counting from the time of anointing by Elisha and the actual time Jehu slew Jehoram would also give us 11 and 12 years depending on where you counted from. see verses below under JEHU

START YEAR OF REIGN UNDETERMINED

JEHU

 

 

 

(1 Kings 19:11-16) And he said, Go forth, and stand upon the mount before the LORD. And, behold, the LORD passed by, and a great and strong wind rent the mountains, and brake in pieces the rocks before the LORD; but the LORD was not in the wind: and after the wind an earthquake; but the LORD was not in the earthquake: {12} And after the earthquake a fire; but the LORD was not in the fire: and after the fire a still small voice. {13} And it was so, when Elijah heard it that he wrapped his face in his mantle, and went out, and stood in the entering in of the cave. And, behold, there came a voice unto him, and said, What doest thou here, Elijah? {14} And he said, I have been very jealous for the LORD God of hosts: because the children of Israel have forsaken thy covenant, thrown down thine altars, and slain thy prophets with the sword; and I, even I only, am left; and they seek my life, to take it away. {15} And the LORD said unto him, Go, return on thy way to the wilderness of Damascus: and when thou comest, anoint Hazael to be king over Syria: {16} And Jehu the son of Nimshi shalt thou anoint to be king over Israel: and Elisha the son of Shaphat of Abelmeholah shalt thou anoint to be prophet in thy room.

And it came to pass, when Joram saw Jehu, that he said, Is it peace, Jehu? And he answered, What peace, so long as the whoredoms of thy mother Jezebel and her witchcrafts are so many? {23} And Joram turned his hands, and fled, and said to Ahaziah, There is treachery, O Ahaziah. {24} And Jehu drew a bow with his full strength, and smote Jehoram between his arms, and the arrow went out at his heart, and he sunk down in his chariot. {25} Then said Jehu to Bidkar his captain, Take up, and cast him in the portion of the field of Naboth the Jezreelite: for remember how that, when I and thou rode together after Ahab his father, the LORD laid this burden upon him; (2 Kings 9:22-25)

ATHALIAH (MOTHER OF AHAZAIAH)

TOOK BY FORCE AFTER DEATH OF HER SON AHAZIAH

And when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she arose and destroyed all the seed royal. {2} But Jehosheba, the daughter of king Joram, sister of Ahaziah, took Joash the son of Ahaziah, and stole him from among the king's sons which were slain; and they hid him, even him and his nurse, in the bedchamber from Athaliah, so that he was not slain. {3} And he was with her hid in the house of the LORD six years. And Athaliah did reign over the land. (2 Kings 11:1-3)

Jehu killed both Ahaziah and Jehoram son of Ahab. After that, Athaliah siezed control of the throne in Jerusalem. She went out to execute all of the successors to Ahazia but failed when Joash was rescued and hidden away from Ahzaiza's wrath. While she was queen, she used her reign to estabish the worship of Baal in Judah.

The reign of Ahaziah can be determined to start in the first year of the reign of Jehu. Joash was hidden six years and began to reign when he was seven. Going back six years from when Jehoash is said to start reigning gives us the first year of Jehu's reign.

JEHOASH (also called Joash)

7TH YEAR REIGN OF JEHU

(2 Kings 11:20-21) And all the people of the land rejoiced, and the city was in quiet: and they slew Athaliah with the sword beside the king's house. {21} Seven years old was Jehoash when he began to reign.

(2 Kings 12:1-2) In the seventh year of Jehu Jehoash began to reign; and forty years reigned he in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Zibiah of Beersheba. {2} And Jehoash did that which was right in the sight of the LORD all his days wherein Jehoiada the priest instructed him.

 

23RD YEAR REIGN OF JEHOASH

JEHOAHAZ

 

And Jehu slept with his fathers: and they buried him in Samaria. And Jehoahaz his son reigned in his stead. {36} And the time that Jehu reigned over Israel in Samaria was twenty and eight years. (2 Kings 10:35-36)

In the three and twentieth year of Joash the son of Ahaziah king of Judah Jehoahaz the son of Jehu began to reign over Israel in Samaria, and reigned seventeen years. (2 Kings 13:1)

37TH YEAR REIGN OF JEHOASH

JOASH SON OF JEHOAHAZ

 

And Jehoahaz slept with his fathers; and they buried him in Samaria: and Joash his son reigned in his stead. {10} In the thirty and seventh year of Joash king of Judah began Jehoash the son of Jehoahaz to reign over Israel in Samaria, and reigned sixteen years. {11} And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD; he departed not from all the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made Israel sin: but he walked therein. (2 Kings 13:9-11)

AMAZIAH

 

(2 Kings 12:18-21) And Jehoash king of Judah took all the hallowed things that Jehoshaphat, and Jehoram, and Ahaziah, his fathers, kings of Judah, had dedicated, and his own hallowed things, and all the gold that was found in the treasures of the house of the LORD, and in the king's house, and sent it to Hazael king of Syria: and he went away from Jerusalem. {19} And the rest of the acts of Joash, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah? {20} And his servants arose, and made a conspiracy, and slew Joash in the house of Millo, which goeth down to Silla. {21} For Jozachar the son of Shimeath, and Jehozabad the son of Shomer, his servants, smote him, and he died; and they buried him with his fathers in the city of David: and Amaziah his son reigned in his stead.

 

15TH YEAR REIGN OF AMAZIAH

JEROBOAM II

 

(2 Kings 13:13) And Joash slept with his fathers; and Jeroboam sat upon his throne: and Joash was buried in Samaria with the kings of Israel.

(2 Kings 14:23-24) In the fifteenth year of Amaziah the son of Joash king of Judah Jeroboam the son of Joash king of Israel began to reign in Samaria, and reigned forty and one years. {24} And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD: he departed not from all the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made Israel to sin.

AZARIAH

27TH YEAR REIGN OF JEORBOAM II

Now they made a conspiracy against him in Jerusalem: and he fled to Lachish; but they sent after him to Lachish, and slew him there. {20} And they brought him on horses: and he was buried at Jerusalem with his fathers in the city of David. {21} And all the people of Judah took Azariah, which was sixteen years old, and made him king instead of his father Amaziah. (2 Kings 14:19-21)

In the twenty and seventh year of Jeroboam king of Israel began Azariah son of Amaziah king of Judah to reign. {2} Sixteen years old was he when he began to reign, and he reigned two and fifty years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Jecholiah of Jerusalem. {3} And he did that which was right in the sight of the LORD, according to all that his father Amaziah had done; {4} Save that the high places were not removed: the people sacrificed and burnt incense still on the high places. (2 Kings 15:1-4)

 
38TH YEAR REIGN OF AZARIAH

ZACHARIAH

 

(2 Kings 14:29) And Jeroboam slept with his fathers, even with the kings of Israel; and Zachariah his son reigned in his stead.

(2 Kings 15:8) In the thirty and eighth year of Azariah king of Judah did Zachariah the son of Jeroboam reign over Israel in Samaria six months.

39TH YEAR REIGN OF UZZIAH (SAME AS AZARIAH)

SHALLUM

Azariah is also called Uzziah.

Shallum reigns only one month.

(2 Kings 15:10-13) And Shallum the son of Jabesh conspired against him, and smote him before the people, and slew him, and reigned in his stead. {11} And the rest of the acts of Zachariah, behold, they are written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel. {12} This was the word of the LORD which he spake unto Jehu, saying, Thy sons shall sit on the throne of Israel unto the fourth generation. And so it came to pass. {13} Shallum the son of Jabesh began to reign in the nine and thirtieth year of Uzziah king of Judah; and he reigned a full month in Samaria.

39TH YEAR REIGN OF AZARIAH

MENAHEM

 

(2 Kings 15:14-18) For Menahem the son of Gadi went up from Tirzah, and came to Samaria, and smote Shallum the son of Jabesh in Samaria, and slew him, and reigned in his stead. {15} And the rest of the acts of Shallum, and his conspiracy which he made, behold, they are written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel. {16} Then Menahem smote Tiphsah, and all that were therein, and the coasts thereof from Tirzah: because they opened not to him, therefore he smote it; and all the women therein that were with child he ripped up. {17} In the nine and thirtieth year of Azariah king of Judah began Menahem the son of Gadi to reign over Israel, and reigned ten years in Samaria. {18} And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD: he departed not all his days from the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made Israel to sin.

50TH YEAR REIGN OF AZARIAH

PEKAHIAH

 

(2 Kings 15:20-24) And Menahem exacted the money of Israel, even of all the mighty men of wealth, of each man fifty shekels of silver, to give to the king of Assyria. So the king of Assyria turned back, and stayed not there in the land. {21} And the rest of the acts of Menahem, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel? {22} And Menahem slept with his fathers; and Pekahiah his son reigned in his stead. {23} In the fiftieth year of Azariah king of Judah Pekahiah the son of Menahem began to reign over Israel in Samaria, and reigned two years. {24} And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD: he departed not from the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made Israel to sin.

52ND YEAR REIGN OF AZARIAH

PEKA

 

But Pekah the son of Remaliah, a captain of his, conspired against him, and smote him in Samaria, in the palace of the king's house, with Argob and Arieh, and with him fifty men of the Gileadites: and he killed him, and reigned in his room. {26} And the rest of the acts of Pekahiah, and all that he did, behold, they are written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel. {27} In the two and fiftieth year of Azariah king of Judah Pekah the son of Remaliah began to reign over Israel in Samaria, and reigned twenty years. {28} And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD: he departed not from the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made Israel to sin. (2 Kings 15:25-28)

JOTHAM

2ND YEAR REIGN OF PEKA

So Azariah slept with his fathers; and they buried him with his fathers in the city of David: and Jotham his son reigned in his stead. (2 Kings 15:7)

In the second year of Pekah the son of Remaliah king of Israel began Jotham the son of Uzziah king of Judah to reign. {33} Five and twenty years old was he when he began to reign, and he reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Jerusha, the daughter of Zadok. {34} And he did that which was right in the sight of the LORD: he did according to all that his father Uzziah had done. {35} Howbeit the high places were not removed: the people sacrificed and burned incense still in the high places. He built the higher gate of the house of the LORD. (2 Kings 15:32-35)

 

AHAZ

17TH YEAR REIGN OF PEKA

And Jotham slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David his father: and Ahaz his son reigned in his stead. ---(2 Kings 15:38)

In the seventeenth year of Pekah the son of Remaliah Ahaz the son of Jotham king of Judah began to reign. {2} Twenty years old was Ahaz when he began to reign, and reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem, and did not that which was right in the sight of the LORD his God, like David his father. (2 Kings 16:1-2)

 
12TH YEAR REIGN OF AHAZ

HOSHEA

 

KING OF ASSYRIA BESIEGES ISRAEL THREE YEARS

START OF THE ASSYRIAN CAPTIVITY OF ISRAEL

In the twelfth year of Ahaz king of Judah began Hoshea the son of Elah to reign in Samaria over Israel nine years. {2} And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD, but not as the kings of Israel that were before him. {3} Against him came up Shalmaneser king of Assyria; and Hoshea became his servant, and gave him presents. {4} And the king of Assyria found conspiracy in Hoshea: for he had sent messengers to So king of Egypt, and brought no present to the king of Assyria, as he had done year by year: therefore the king of Assyria shut him up, and bound him in prison. {5} Then the king of Assyria came up throughout all the land, and went up to Samaria, and besieged it three years. {6} In the ninth year of Hoshea the king of Assyria took Samaria, and carried Israel away into Assyria, and placed them in Halah and in Habor by the river of Gozan, and in the cities of the Medes. {7} For so it was, that the children of Israel had sinned against the LORD their God, which had brought them up out of the land of Egypt, from under the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and had feared other gods, {8} And walked in the statutes of the heathen, whom the LORD cast out from before the children of Israel, and of the kings of Israel, which they had made. {9} And the children of Israel did secretly those things that were not right against the LORD their God, and they built them high places in all their cities, from the tower of the watchmen to the fenced city. {10} And they set them up images and groves in every high hill, and under every green tree: {11} And there they burnt incense in all the high places, as did the heathen whom the LORD carried away before them; and wrought wicked things to provoke the LORD to anger: {12} For they served idols, whereof the LORD had said unto them, Ye shall not do this thing. {13} Yet the LORD testified against Israel, and against Judah, by all the prophets, and by all the seers, saying, Turn ye from your evil ways, and keep my commandments and my statutes, according to all the law which I commanded your fathers, and which I sent to you by my servants the prophets. {14} Notwithstanding they would not hear, but hardened their necks, like to the neck of their fathers, that did not believe in the LORD their God. {15} And they rejected his statutes, and his covenant that he made with their fathers, and his testimonies which he testified against them; and they followed vanity, and became vain, and went after the heathen that were round about them, concerning whom the LORD had charged them, that they should not do like them. {16} And they left all the commandments of the LORD their God, and made them molten images, even two calves, and made a grove, and worshipped all the host of heaven, and served Baal. {17} And they caused their sons and their daughters to pass through the fire, and used divination and enchantments, and sold themselves to do evil in the sight of the LORD, to provoke him to anger. {18} Therefore the LORD was very angry with Israel, and removed them out of his sight: there was none left but the tribe of Judah only.------ (2 Kings 17:1-18)

HEZEKIAH

3RD YEAR REIGN OF HOSHEA

And Ahaz slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David: and Hezekiah his son reigned in his stead. (2 Kings 16:20)

Now it came to pass in the third year of Hoshea son of Elah king of Israel, that Hezekiah the son of Ahaz king of Judah began to reign. {2} Twenty and five years old was he when he began to reign; and he reigned twenty and nine years in Jerusalem. His mother's name also was Abi, the daughter of Zachariah. {3} And he did that which was right in the sight of the LORD, according to all that David his father did. {4} He removed the high places, and brake the images, and cut down the groves, and brake in pieces the brazen serpent that Moses had made: for unto those days the children of Israel did burn incense to it: and he called it Nehushtan. {5} He trusted in the LORD God of Israel; so that after him was none like him among all the kings of Judah, nor any that were before him. {6} For he clave to the LORD, and departed not from following him, but kept his commandments, which the LORD commanded Moses. {7} And the LORD was with him; and he prospered whithersoever he went forth: and he rebelled against the king of Assyria, and served him not. (2 Kings 18:1-7)

 

MANASSEH

STARTS REIGN AT 12 AND REIGNS 55 YEARS

And Hezekiah slept with his fathers: and Manasseh his son reigned in his stead. (2 Kings 20:21)

Manasseh was twelve years old when he began to reign, and reigned fifty and five years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Hephzibah. {2} And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD, after the abominations of the heathen, whom the LORD cast out before the children of Israel. {3} For he built up again the high places which Hezekiah his father had destroyed; and he reared up altars for Baal, and made a grove, as did Ahab king of Israel; and worshipped all the host of heaven, and served them. (2 Kings 21:1-3)

 

AMON

STARTS REIGN AT 22 AND REIGNS 2 YEARS

(2 Kings 21:18-20) And Manasseh slept with his fathers, and was buried in the garden of his own house, in the garden of Uzza: and Amon his son reigned in his stead. {19} Amon was twenty and two years old when he began to reign, and he reigned two years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Meshullemeth, the daughter of Haruz of Jotbah. {20} And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD, as his father Manasseh did.

 

JOSIAH

STARTS REIGN AT 8 AND REIGNS 31 YEARS

And he walked in all the way that his father walked in, and served the idols that his father served, and worshipped them: {22} And he forsook the LORD God of his fathers, and walked not in the way of the LORD. {23} And the servants of Amon conspired against him, and slew the king in his own house. {24} And the people of the land slew all them that had conspired against king Amon; and the people of the land made Josiah his son king in his stead. {25} Now the rest of the acts of Amon which he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah? {26} And he was buried in his sepulchre in the garden of Uzza: and Josiah his son reigned in his stead. (2 Kings 21:21-26)

Josiah was eight years old when he began to reign, and he reigned thirty and one years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Jedidah, the daughter of Adaiah of Boscath. {2} And he did that which was right in the sight of the LORD, and walked in all the way of David his father, and turned not aside to the right hand or to the left. (2 Kings 22:1-2)

 

JEHOAHAZ (also called Shallum)

STARTS REIGN AT 23 AND REIGNS 3 MONTHS

(2 Kings 23:28-32) Now the rest of the acts of Josiah, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah? {29} In his days Pharaohnechoh king of Egypt went up against the king of Assyria to the river Euphrates: and king Josiah went against him; and he slew him at Megiddo, when he had seen him. {30} And his servants carried him in a chariot dead from Megiddo, and brought him to Jerusalem, and buried him in his own sepulchre. And the people of the land took Jehoahaz the son of Josiah, and anointed him, and made him king in his father's stead. {31} Jehoahaz was twenty and three years old when he began to reign; and he reigned three months in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Hamutal, the daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah. {32} And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD, according to all that his fathers had done.

 

JEHOIAKIM (also called Eliakim)

STARTS REIGN AT 25 AND REIGNS 11 YEARS

And Pharaohnechoh made Eliakim the son of Josiah king in the room of Josiah his father, and turned his name to Jehoiakim, and took Jehoahaz away: and he came to Egypt, and died there. {35} And Jehoiakim gave the silver and the gold to Pharaoh; but he taxed the land to give the money according to the commandment of Pharaoh: he exacted the silver and the gold of the people of the land, of every one according to his taxation, to give it unto Pharaohnechoh. {36} Jehoiakim was twenty and five years old when he began to reign; and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Zebudah, the daughter of Pedaiah of Rumah. {37} And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD, according to all that his fathers had done. (2 Kings 23:34-37)

 

JEHOIACHIN (Also called Jeconiah and Coniah)

STARTS REIGN AT 18 AND REIGNS 3 MONTHS

(2 Kings 24:6-9) So Jehoiakim slept with his fathers: and Jehoiachin his son reigned in his stead. {7} And the king of Egypt came not again any more out of his land: for the king of Babylon had taken from the river of Egypt unto the river Euphrates all that pertained to the king of Egypt. {8} Jehoiachin was eighteen years old when he began to reign, and he reigned in Jerusalem three months. And his mother's name was Nehushta, the daughter of Elnathan of Jerusalem. {9} And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD, according to all that his father had done.

(Jeremiah 22:28-30) Is this man Coniah a despised broken idol? is he a vessel wherein is no pleasure? wherefore are they cast out, he and his seed, and are cast into a land which they know not? {29} O earth, earth, earth, hear the word of the LORD. {30} Thus saith the LORD, Write ye this man childless, a man that shall not prosper in his days: for no man of his seed shall prosper, sitting upon the throne of David, and ruling any more in Judah.

This is one of the hidden gems in the Bible that shows Jesus had to be born of a virgin for the literal seed of Coniah is in the lineage from Davit to Joseph.

ZEDEKIAH

(Nebuchadnezzar changed his name from Mataniah)

STARS REIGN AT 21 AND REIGNS ELEVEN YEARS

(2 Kings 24:10-18) At that time the servants of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came up against Jerusalem, and the city was besieged. {11} And Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came against the city, and his servants did besiege it. {12} And Jehoiachin the king of Judah went out to the king of Babylon, he, and his mother, and his servants, and his princes, and his officers: and the king of Babylon took him in the eighth year of his reign. {13} And he carried out thence all the treasures of the house of the LORD, and the treasures of the king's house, and cut in pieces all the vessels of gold which Solomon king of Israel had made in the temple of the LORD, as the LORD had said. {14} And he carried away all Jerusalem, and all the princes, and all the mighty men of valour, even ten thousand captives, and all the craftsmen and smiths: none remained, save the poorest sort of the people of the land. {15} And he carried away Jehoiachin to Babylon, and the king's mother, and the king's wives, and his officers, and the mighty of the land, those carried he into captivity from Jerusalem to Babylon. {16} And all the men of might, even seven thousand, and craftsmen and smiths a thousand, all that were strong and apt for war, even them the king of Babylon brought captive to Babylon. {17} And the king of Babylon made Mattaniah his father's brother king in his stead, and changed his name to Zedekiah. {18} Zedekiah was twenty and one years old when he began to reign, and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Hamutal, the daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah.

Mataniah was Zedekiah's father's brother vs 17. So Zedekiah's Uncle takes over the thrown by order of Nebuchadnezzar as Judah now goes into the Babylonian Captivity.

BABYLONIAN CAPTIVITY STARTS WITH ZEDEKIAH