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Studies on the Book of Daniel

Daniel Chapter 1


Jerusalem is Besieged

Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon besieges Jerusalem during the third year of the reign of Jehoiakim. Dan 1:1 Judah was the reigning tribe of Jerusalem at that time. Israel had split into two separate kingdoms; the Kingdom of Israel and the Kingdom of Judah. See 1 Kings Chapter 12. The ten northern tribes, which comprised the Kingdom of Israel, were besieged around 721 B.C By Sargon, the king of Assyria. Judah falls around the year 606 B.C. This marks the start of the Seventy Year Babylonian captivity mentioned by Jeremiah in Jeremiah 25:11. Jeremiah mentions in Jeremiah 25:1 that this siege takes place in the fourth year of Jehoiakim. More then likely Daniel is mentioning the third year as the year Nebuchadnezzar starts to lay siege to Judah and Jeremiah is mentioning the fourth year when the siege was completed.

The Vessels of the House of God Taken

Daniel 1:2 mentions the taking of some of the vessels out of the house of God. Some people speculate that the ark of the covenant could have been taken at that time. If it wasn’t, then it would have been well hidden. The ‘some of the vessels’ indicates that not all of the vessels were taken. No one knows for sure what was and what was not taken. It has been the claim by many organizations that this refers to the Ark being moved to such places as Ethiopia, England, and some hidden places in Europe. Wherever it is, the location most certainly will be revealed during the tribulation period.

Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah Are Given Knowledge and Wisdom From God
Daniel is quick to point out three other main characters taken from Judah. These three, and Daniel, were said to be skillful and wise and cunning in knowledge. Daniel leads the other three into not defiling themselves with the king’s meat and drink. They are rewarded for this See Daniel 1:8-17. God gives them knowledge and skill in all learning and wisdom. God definitely added to the wisdom and knowledge they already had for Daniel 1:20 mentions that they were ten times better in wisdom and understanding then the wise men of Babylon. The names of these four were changed by the prince of the eunuchs in Daniel 1:7

Daniel became Belteshazzar, Hananiah became Shadrach, Mishael became Meshach, Azariah became Abednego